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Inflammation in the brain

It is a process that those affected scarcely notice for a long time. Until the episodes of illness become more severe: sometimes the eyesight is somewhat blurred, then the sense of balance is slightly faulty. Later, however, movement disorders can become more severe. The diagnosis: multiple sclerosis. In neurological disorders like Parkinson’s or Multiple Sclerosis inflammatory processes have an important role.

Multiple sclerosis can affect people from any age. In contrast Parkinson’s affects mainly older people.

When the immune system directs itselfs against its own body

Multiple sclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the central nerve system in which the myelin sheaths around the axons are damaged, leading to demyelination. In the brain and spinal cord an inflammatory reaction occurs which is directed towards the myelin sheaths leading to scaring and damage of the axon function. The cause for this process still remains unknown nevertheless a few potential contributors are under suspicion. Meanwhile a few genetic variations which can be found predominately in patients, thus likely enhancing the risk to suffer from multiple sclerosis, were identified. Among these candidates a few gene variations can be found which are connected to the immune system.

Other studies point to the fact that maybe an earlier infection with certain viruses combined with a genetic risk predisposition can trigger the outbreak of the disease.

Also chronic inflammation is probably not the main cause for Parkinson’s disease it is suspected that inflammations contributes to the cell death and an worsen the damage.

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