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From the teeth into the whole body

The biofilm an aggregate of microorganism attached to a surface can consist in the oral cavity of more than 500 species. Most are harmless but some of them cause disease. They can activate the immune system with the result that the gums become inflamed and a periodontitis forms.

Even with proper oral hygiene, the gums are an ideal hideout for bacteria. A few of these bacteria can cause an inflamed gum as they produce metabolites which activate the immune system. The immune system once activated attacks the bacteria but also harms the own tissue and the bone. This leads to gum bleeding and the formation of pockets and finally even teeth can become loose and fall out.

Bacteria of the oral cavity can cause a heart attack

If the gum is inflamed often a professional medical tooth cleaning can help to remove the cause of the inflammation. If this doesn't help antibiotics can be used to kill the bacteria and stop the inflammation but sometimes even antibiotics aren't enough. A few patients have chronically inflamed gums often due to a genetic predisposition which leads to a hyperactivity of the immune system. If untreated a periodontitis will lead almost always to the loss of the teeth but it also can lead to a higher risk to develop other diseases. Recently scientist were able to show for example a correlation between periodontitis and the occurrence of heart attacks or rheumatoid arthritis.

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